Most of America’s 135 million homes were built as permanent structures, with 44% constructed before 1970. Considering growth and construction trends, these homes are likely to remain occupied for 50 years or longer. Although ownership changes, residential buildings can be viewed as long-term energy customers with consumption dominated by energy for hea
Taking 67 long years to get to Chile is not much of a record for any race car. And yet that is exactly how long the people of the capital Santiago had to wait for single-seater racing to return to their hometown. But when it did finally come back, the cars involved proved very special indeed and very different from the ones that last raced there. We’re talking, of course, about the all-electric Formula E cars.
Now in its fourth season, the ABB FIA Formula E Championship is high on adrenaline but low on environmental impact. The Chilean capital was selected to host the fourth round of the current season on February 3 after two previous outings in Hong Kong and one in Marrakech. First across the line was Jean-Eric Vergne, who drives for the Chinese team, Techeetah.
The signature rocket-ship whine of the 20 single-seaters filled the air as they did battle for victory on a circuit of just under 2.5 kilometers that wound its way through the heart of the city. An asphalt ribbon with no less than 12 very tight curves running from Avenida Santa Maria along the Mapocho river, skirting the city’s wonderfully lush Parque Forestal, in the shadow of the city center skyscrapers with balconies packed with spectators. The grueling route was more or less identical to the one used for the Formula Libre event in 1950 which attracted an impressive showing of Formula 1 drivers. It was also Chile’s first and last motorsport grand prix until now, and was won by the legendary Juan Manuel Fangio in a Ferrari. He was followed over the line by another Argentinian, Froilán González, who was also in a Prancing Horse car. The average speed was not much faster than that of the electric single-seaters. The 1950 grand prix was an unforgettable spectacle the likes of which Chileans had never previously witnessed and would have to wait two generations to see again.
Photo Credit: Max Thabiso Edkins / Connect4Climate
Chile at the leading edge in South America
That long wait may also have been one of the reasons why last October’s ceremony in the capital to officially announce Formula E’s imminent arrival in Chile took place in front of the Moneda presidential palace and was attended by outgoing president Michelle Bachelet. There was, however, another less romantic, more pragmatic reason, which Chile’s Minister for Energy Andrés Rebolledo summed up succinctly on the day: “Formula E isn’t just a fantastic event, it is also the most effective way of showcasing the advantages of electric cars to Chileans. By our estimation, if we manage to put the necessary regulatory, logistical and market conditions in place, 40% of vehicles in Chile could be electric by 2050.”
This undertaking is the first of its kind anywhere in South America and comes in the wake of similar commitments from France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Norway and India. In China, the government has introduced a new rule that all local car manufacturers – as well as foreign companies which import more than 30,000 vehicles a year – must develop at least one electric model by the end of 2019. This approach is going global too with a growing number of countries now determined to revolutionise their transport systems. To a certain extent, it also owes its rapid adoption to the Formula E Championship, which is as much an ambassador for new generation e-mobility (fast and powerful enough to be truly spectacular) as an extreme test bench for honing increasingly efficient technologies which can then make the transition to the broader market and cut e-car prices. One example in particular stands out: the power of the battery in the new single-seater unveiled last January has tripled in just three years and, from next season, will allow drivers to compete an entire race without having to switch cars at the halfway point, as is currently the case.
Photo Credit: Max Thabiso Edkins / Connect4Climate
The Formula E test bench is extraordinarily useful for our Group in particular, which is why Enel is Official Power Partner to the Championship for the second year in a row. The partnership allows us to test out cutting-edge technologies in a competitive environment. They include micro networks managed and monitored by intelligent counters and dedicated software, photovoltaic panels coupled with a futuristic energy storage system, charging points for electric race support vehicles and generators powered by aquafuel. This completely renewable fuel reduces nitrogen oxide emissions by 95%. All these technologies are crucial to Formula E meeting its sustainability goal of zero impact racing by the end of next season.
The launch of Enel X
On the same day in Santiago, we also hosted the Chilean launch of our new Enel X business line, a steadily growing range of digital products and customer services that includes leading-edge e-mobility solutions. The aim is to connect people, homes, companies and cities on a single integrated network. The launch was attended by the Minister for Energy, Andrés Rebolledo.
"There has been a radical change in our approach to energy over the last few years in this country. One big and very practical step forward is that now, when we talk about e-mobility, everyone knows what it is and the kind of improvements it can make to the environment and our quality of life," Andrés Rebolledo, the Chilean government’s Minister for Energy.
The Minister underscored the fact that February 3 will go down in the history of progress in Chile, but added that the country still has a lot of work to do: “You can’t create a revolution like this on your own. Our government needs help from businesses, from people who can provide the ideas and tools to translate them into reality. Through its commitment to Formula E and tech development, Enel really does represent a new frontier in the energy sector.”
Santiago E Prix Winner Jean-Éric Vergne celebrates his victory. Photo Credit: Max Thabiso Edkins / Connect4Climate
This is an important acknowledgment for our Group as we have been operative in this South American country for many years through Enel Chile and its subsidiaries Enel Generación Chile and Enel Distribución Chile. Enel Green Power Chile also gives us a significant presence in the renewable energies market, with a total installed capacity of around 7.5 GW (4.8 GW renewable and 2.7 GW thermal), 1.9 million customers and over 2,200 employees. Chile is a strategic country for us: it’s where we have headquartered Enel Americas, our platform for investing in conventional generation and distribution in other South American nations (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Peru).
Formula E might well open up a new frontier. But this time, it won’t take two generations to get there...and beyond!
Top Countries Producing Wind and Solar Electricity
Renewable energy is infinite, affordable, clean and does not generate any emissions. It creates jobs, stimulates domestic economies and results in clean water and air. Wind and solar energy can differentiate country’s energy portfolio. Therefore, they are considered reliable sources of electricity.
For centuries wind energy was used for many purposes: pump water, grind grain, move ships and generate electricity. Across time the benefits expanded so that windmills, for example, help keep low electric rates and avoid the volatility of fossil fuel prices.
The role of clean mobility for a strong economy discussed at FIA Smart Cities Forum
Jean Todt, FIA President, Claudio Orrego, Governor of the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Juan Espadas Cejas, Mayor of Seville, Alejandro Quintana Hurtado, President of Automóvil Club de Chile and Alejandro Agag, CEO of Formula E Holdings, opened the FIA Smart Cities Forum in Santiago de Chile, on February 2.
Recap Formula E in Santiago de Chile
Jean Todt inaugurated the first FIA Smart Cities Event of Formula E season 4 in Santiago de Chile. He reminded the audience of the goal of this initiative bringing together the FIA’s two pillars: Sport and Mobility. “Smart Cities offers a platform for an inclusive and open discussion about all types of mobility issues between experts from different sectors and various backgrounds: from multilateral organizations to city leaders and young entrepreneurs.”
The Governor of Santiago, the Mayor of Seville, the President of the Automóvil Club de Chile as well the CEO of Formula E Holdings joined Jean Todt to discuss how cities have tackled the problems of air pollution and climate change by enhancing their transport systems.
Climate negotiations and the global development agenda generated a great momentum for a transition to clean mobility, specifically in urban areas. However, transportation still accounts for a quarter of all energy-generated greenhouse emissions resulting in significant impacts on public health and economy. The theme of this Smart Cities Forum’s edition was, therefore, fixed on the topic of Clean Mobility and how it can contribute to a strong economy.
Alejandro Agag talked to Connect4Climate about Formula E race in Santiago
Governor Orrego informed Forum participants of key changes occurred in the transportation system in Chile in the past years. Technologies and innovations have seen a broader and more effective application in transport policy-making. The newly released e-mobility strategy demonstrates this transition, focusing on the integration of electric power in public transportation, activating multimodal transport hubs and connecting users to transit databases through various innovative apps. “Santiago has made a real shift towards more sustainable urban development. A better choice of transport modes and mobility services is at the disposal of all citizens. Our goal is to make mobility systems cleaner, more innovative and more inclusive”, underlined Governor Orrego.
Inspiring keynote presentations shed further light on the tools and mechanisms for making urban transportation more resilient and sustainable.
Lucas di Grassi, Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler, Formula E. Photo Credit: Max Thabiso Edkins / Connect4Climate
International Transport Forum Secretary-General, Dr. Young Tae Kim, underlined the power of public-private collaboration, saying that “Both the private and the public sectors need to lead the transition. The private sector is advancing the use of technological innovation, such as the performance of batteries for electric mobility which will become important in the long term. At the same time, the government is in a good position to nurture the market with electrification of its own vehicle fleets”.
Max T. Edkins, Acting Manager of the Connect4Climate Program, reiterated Dr. Kim’s idea: "Building safe low-carbon and resilient cities is a key component of addressing our climate challenge, and FIA Smart Cities is at the heart of this discussion. Innovations are a vehicle to promote the Sustainability Revolution, and a means to advance climate-smart technologies, including electric mobility and low-carbon infrastructure. This is clearly demonstrated by the success of the FIA Formula E Championship. Climate Action is our generation's opportunity to build a better future."
More mobility experts continued the debate about clean mobility in cities over a panel discussion. Speakers from ENEL, the City of Mexico, New Cities Foundation, Mario Molina Research Centre and UNEP reflected on how smarter and cleaner mobility contributes to the economic growth and urban development.
John Rossant, CEO & Founder of New Cities Foundation, emphasized the role of holistic vision in transport policy-making: “Technology is a mean and not an end. What we should really be working towards is the wellbeing of citizens which can be achieved by creating lively and vibrant urban environment”.
The Dragon racing team. Photo Credit: Max Thabiso Edkins / Connect4Climate
Gustavo Manez, Climate Change Coordinator at UNEP, presented strategies that help strengthen mobility systems along the axes of safety and sustainability. “We are facing the momentum where a lot of tangible opportunities to enhance mobility system are open to public authorities, industry players and international organizations.”
The dimension of technological know-how was further featured at the FIA Smart Cities Global Startup Contest where a selection of visionary entrepreneurs presented their innovative ideas to make cities cleaner and smarter. Selected by a jury of international experts, the winner of the Santiago contest was KAPPO Bike, a platform that helps cities increase the urban bicycle usage worldwide through gamification and safety navigation for citizens. KAPPO Bike also provides governments with cyclist insight and predictive analytics, enabling better planning and higher return on urban infrastructure investments.
Formula E racer Lucas di Grassi talks climate change
Professional driver Lucas Di Grassi also represented the voice of the FIA Formula E Championship. The winner of Formula E Season 3 talked about how the series of electric racing is changing the perception of e-mobility around the world. As technologies become more advanced, e-mobility also gets more accessible and user-friendly. Piloting innovations in motorsport help transiting efficient solutions to user mobility.
The Forum concluded with a visit to the Formula E track and garages where participants could see the “innovation in motion” and enjoy the experience of electric racing.
FIA Smart Cities Initiative: Clean Mobility for Strong Economy
February 2, 2018 -
9:00am to 5:00pm
Connect4Climate will participate in FIA Smart Cities to deliver a keynote presentation on Connecting for Climate Action across Smart Cities on Friday, February 2nd, performed by Max Edkins, Acting Manager, Connect4Climate.